Comprehensive Guide to Studying Wind Energy/Wildlife Interactions
About: This resource document of the Wildlife Workgroup is intended as a guide to persons involved in designing, conducting, or requiring wind energy/wildlife interaction studies.
The document follows a general framework for progressing through the decision process for a proposed wind project and a guide to methods and metrics for use in the necessary studies. The guide is relevant to the study of any wildlife species, although the focus is on birds and bats.
Click to download the Guide
Note: The file is a 6MB pdf and may take time to download.
Disclaimer: Any specific technologies or vendors mentioned in this Guide are either included as examples or as references to work carried out using these technologies/vendors. The mention of specific technologies is not an endorsement of these over other technologies.
The document is a product of the National Wind Coordinating Collaborative (NWCC) Wildlife Workgroup. It is being released as a Resource Document for educational and informational purposes. The document has been reviewed and approved by an NWCC working group with relevant experience; but, by choice of the NWCC, has not been carried through the full NWCC consensus process. Publication does not presume that all Members have reviewed the content of the document.
- Dale Strickland, WEST, Inc., Cheyenne, Wyoming
- Edward Arnett, Bat Conservation International, Inc., Austin, Texas
- Wallace Erickson, WEST, Inc., Cheyenne, Wyoming
- Douglas Johnson, U.S. Geological Survey, Saint Paul, Minnesota
- Gregory Johnson, WEST, Inc., Cheyenne, Wyoming
- Michael Morrison, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas
- Jill Shaffer, U.S. Geological Survey, Jamestown, North Dakota
- William Warren-Hicks, EcoStat, Inc, Mebane, North Carolina
Internal Review Team
- Wayne Walker, Wayne Walker Conservation Consulting, Round Top, Texas
- Rob Manes, The Nature Conservancy, Topeka, Kansas
- Michael Green, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon
- Tracey Librandi-Mumma, Pennsylvania Game Commission, Harrisburg Pennsylvania
Preparation of the report was funded by the Wind and Water Power Program, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. Financial support by the Department of Energy does not constitute an endorsement by the Department of Energy on the views expressed in this document, nor do the views and opinions of authors expressed herein necessarily state or reflect those of the United States government or any agency thereof.
The NWCC Wildlife Workgroup thanks Patrick Gilman (U.S. Department of Energy), Karin Sinclair (National Renewable Energy Laboratory), and the Wildlife Workgroup Core Group and blind peer reviewers selected by NREL to review the document on behalf of the Workgroup.
On July 13, 2011, Dale Strickland delivered a briefing on the Comprehensive Guide to Studying Wind Energy/Wildlife Interactions.
The current version of the Guide was updated on November 22, 2011, with the following changes:
- In the formula at the bottom of page 41 (page 49 of the pdf), the F term was removed as this was mistakenly included in the original draft.
- There is also now a disclaimer included in the report highlighting the following: “Any specific technologies or vendors mentioned in this Guide are either included as examples or as references to work carried out using these technologies/vendors. The mention of specific technologies is not an endorsement of these over other technologies.”