Research Meeting X



The biennial Wind Wildlife Research Meeting provides an internationally recognized forum for researchers and wind-wildlife stakeholders to hear contributed papers, view research posters, and listen to panels that synthesize the most recent wind power-related wildlife research.

Read about the tenth meeting here.

Meeting Proceedings

WWRM X Proceedings Cover Image

Click here to download the Proceedings.

The Proceedings of the Wind Wildlife Research Meeting capture and summarize the work of nearly 100 presenters on a wide array of wind-wildlife topics being addressed by industry, policy-makers, conservation groups, and scientists. Major focus areas include technologies for detecting and deterring wildlife, assessing risk to eagles, and assessing mechanisms to avoid and minimize impacts on bats.

The new research reveals an emphasis on technology and innovation. This trend is one of several indications of how far research has come since the National Wind Coordinating Collaborative convened the first Wind Wildlife Research Meeting in 1994, and sets the state for wind-wildlife solutions in 2015 and beyond. The Proceedings mark 20 years of progress in wind/wildlife research.

Disclaimer: AWWI strives for excellence when organizing the agenda for the Wind Wildlife Research Meeting, and each abstract submission is peer reviewed. However, authors represent their own work, and inclusion of in the meeting program and proceedings does not imply endorsement of the study or results by AWWI or others affiliated with the meeting. Much of the information presented in presentations is preliminary and should not be quoted or cited without permission from the authors.

Meeting Program
Click here to review the complete meeting program, which includes the full agenda.

Click here to download a list of speaker and poster presenter bios, organized alphabetically.

Click here to download a list of presentation abstracts, organized alphabetically by title.

Who Attended?Omni Picture Over 300 academics, researchers, conservation scientists, consultants, federal and state officials, NGO representatives, and industry professionals came together for this unique opportunity.

Omni Interlocken Hotel
500 Interlocken Blvd
Broomfield, CO 80021


Abby Arnold, American Wind Wildlife Institute, Bio


Latest Policy and Priorities

Patrick Gilman, U.S. Department of Energy, Bio

John Anderson, American Wind Energy Association, Bio

Christy Johnson-Hughes, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Bio

Brian Novosak, Bureau of Land Management, Bio


Julie Falkner, Defenders of Wildlife, Bio

Bats and Wind Energy: Turbine Interactions, Population Impacts, and Fatality Minimization

Session Introduction – Moderator

Courtney Dohoney, Ecology and Environment, Inc., Bio

Monitoring Bat Activity and Behavior at Wind Turbines Using Thermal Imagery and Ultrasonic Acoustic Detectors

Cris D. Hein, Bat Conservation International, Bio


Exploring Potential Hypotheses Behind Bat-Wind Turbine Collisions

Victoria Bennett, Texas Christian University, Bio

Modeling Encounters between Migrating Bats and Wind Projects

Christopher S. Nations, WEST, Inc., Bio


Geographic Origin and Population Size and Structure of Bats Experiencing Mortality at Wind Energy Facilities in the Central Appalachians

David M. Nelson, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Bio

Investigating the Benefits of Fine-tuning Curtailment Strategies at Operational Wind Facilities

Amanda M. Hale, Texas Christian University, Bio

Eagles and Wind Energy: Monitoring, Point Counts, and Populations

Session Introduction – Moderator

Rick Watson, The Peregrine Fund, Bio

Efficient and Effective Eagle Monitoring Protocols

Paul Rabie, WEST, Inc. , Bio


Golden Eagle Point Counts and Telemetry Data: A Project-Specific Comparison

Laura Nagy, DNV GL – Energy, Bio

Population Status of Eagles and Availability of Eagle Take Permits While Still Maintaining the Goal of Stable or Increasing Eagle Populations

Kenton Taylor , WEST, Inc., Bio


Eagles and Wind Energy: Understanding Risk

Session Introduction – Moderator

Carron A. Meaney, Walsh/Ecology & Environment, Bio

Assessing Landscape Risk Factors for Eagle Mortality on Powerlines

Lucas Bare, ICF International, Bio

Daytime habitat selection by resident Golden Eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) in southern Idaho, USA

Chad LeBeau, WEST, Inc., Bio


Modeling Risk from Wind Power to Breeding and Migrating Golden Eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) Near the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Québec, Canada.

Tricia A. Miller, West Virginia University, Bio


Eagles and Wind Energy: Demographic Impacts, Nest Disturbance, and Fatality Prediction

Session Introduction – Moderator

Robert K. Murphy, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Bio

Origins of Eagles Killed at the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area

Todd Katzner, U.S.Geological Survey, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, Bio

To Disturb or Not To Disturb: the Difficulty in Assessing Golden Eagle Nest Disturbance at Wind Energy Facilities

Julia Garvin, Tetra Tech, Inc. , Bio


Application of Eagle Fatality Prediction Modeling to Quantify a Reduction in Risk based on the Implementation of Avoidance/Minimization Measures and Experimental Advanced Conservation Practices

Kristen Adachi, WEST, Inc., Bio

Assessing Risk to Birds and Bats: High Tech Detection, Classification, and Survey Techniques

Session Introduction – Moderator

Alicia Oller, Tetra Tech, Bio

Using Remote Acoustic and Thermal Sensing Detectors to Reduce Mortality at Onshore and Offshore Wind Facilities

Greg Forcey, Normandeau Associates, Inc., Bio


Classification of Birds and Bats and their Flight Paths from Thermal Imagery

Valerie Cullinan, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Bio


Comparison of Shipboard and High Definition Video Aerial Survey Techniques for Conducting Surveys of Avian Distributions and Abundance on the Mid-Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf

Kate Williams, Biodiversity Research Institute, Bio


Assessing Risk to Birds and Bats: Movement Across Landscape

Session Introduction – Moderator

Martin Piorkowski, Arizona Game and Fish Department, Bio

Predicting Raptor Collision Risk from First Principles: Application of Updraft Modeling to Wind Farms

Chris Farmer, Tetra Tech, Inc., Bio


Patterns in Diurnal Airspace Use by Migratory Landbirds Along an Ecological Barrier

Anna Peterson, Western State Colorado University, Bio


Bat Acoustic Monitoring Portal (BatAMP): An On-line Tool for Visualizing Continental Movement Patterns of Bats and Informing Wind Energy Siting Decisions

Theodore Weller, USDA Forest Service, Bio

Estimating Impacts to Birds and Bats: Understanding Impact Mechanisms

Session Introduction – Moderator

Kevin Heist, University of Minnesota, Bio

Quantified Reactions at a Distance of Birds and Bats to Wind Turbines

Ronald P. Larkin, Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois, Bio

Environmental Covariates of Avian Turbine Mortality

Julie Beston, U.S. Geological Survey, Bio

Displacement of Breeding Grassland Birds by Upland Wind Facilities

Jill A. Shaffer, U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Bio

Conservation Status of North American Birds in the Face of Future Climate Change

Conservation Status of North American Birds in the Face of Future Climate Change

Chad Wilsey, National Audubon Society, Bio


National Audubon Society scientists recently completed a comprehensive analysis modeling the winter and summer ranges of 588 North American bird species in response to future climate change. Using extensive citizen science data and detailed climate layers, these models characterize the relationship between the distribution of each species and climate through the end of the century. Chad Wilsey will talk about the results and the implications for conservation. The science is clear that climate change is the biggest conservation threat to birds through the rest of the century. As a result, the fate of North America birds will depend critically on conservation decisions that reduce the impacts of climate change as well as the ability of these birds to colonize areas that become climatically suitable outside of their current ranges.

Estimating Impacts to Birds and Bats: Monitoring, Estimating, and Mitigating Fatalities

Session Introduction – Moderator

Jessica Costa, Stantec, Bio

Designing Fatality Monitoring to Detect a Rare Event

Manuela Huso, U.S. Geological Survey, Bio

Estimating Fatality Rates: Finding the Right Denominator

Douglas H. Johnson, U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Bio

Can We Estimate Fatality from Carcasses Observed Only on Roads and Pads?

Joseph Maurer, Oregon State University, Bio

Comparison of Avian Mortality Sources and Evaluation and Development of Compensatory Mitigation Options for Birds

Wallace Erickson, WEST Inc., Bio


WREN: International Approaches to Mitigating the Impacts of Wind Energy on Wildlife

This international panel, organized in conjunction with the International Energy Agency’s Wind WREN (Working Together to Resolve Environmental Effects of Wind Energy) Initiative, will examine the use of wildlife mitigation measures around the world. Panelists will speak from both the broad theoretical perspective and the applied context within their countries/regions, with an emphasis on mitigation measures used, drivers for the use of those measures, and what is known about the efficacy of the measures employed.

Panel Introduction – Moderator

Jocelyn Brown-Saracino, New West Technologies, LLC., in support of the US Department of Energy’s Wind and Water Power Technologies Office, Bio

Wind Power: Ontario’s Approach to Wildlife Impact Avoidance and Mitigation

Peter Carter, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, Bio


The challenges of verifying mitigation measures in-situ

Bjørn Iuell, Statkraft AS, Bio


Mitigating the impacts on seabird and marine mammal populations from 4GW of offshore wind farms in Scotland

Finlay Bennet, Marine Scotland Science, Bio


Technology for Detection and Deterrence: Visual Sweet-Spots, Accelerometers, and Geofences

Session Introduction – Moderator

Karen Voltura, DeTect, Inc. , Bio

Conceptual Basis of a Lighting System Tuned to the Bird Eye to Minimize Collisions with Wind Turbines

Dr. Esteban Fernandez-Juricic, Purdue University, Bio


Near Real-Time Detection of Avian and Bat Interactions with Wind Turbines

Robert Suryan, Oregon State University, Bio


Avoiding Avian Impacts with Wind Turbines using GSM/GPS Tracking Telemetry that Incorporates Autonomous Geofence Alerts

James K. Sheppard, San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research, Bio


Technology for Detection and Deterrence: Advances in Imagery Techniques

Session Introduction – Moderator

John Schubbe, HDR Engineering, Bio

A Computer Vision and Machine Learning System for Bird and Bat Detection and Forecasting

Russell B. Conard, Ornicept, Bio


Automated Analysis of Thermal Imagery for Assessing the Risks to Birds and Bats

Shari Matzner, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Bio


Behavioral Signatures of Birds: An Automated Way to Extract Wing Beat Frequency and Flap-Glide Patterns from Thermal Imagery

Corey A. Duberstein, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Bio


Remote Monitoring of Birds and Bats using Visual and Infrared Stereo Imagery

Trevor Harrison, University of Washington, Bio


Call for Abstracts

Call for Abstracts

The deadline for abstract submissions was June 20, 2014.

Download Call for Abstracts

Posters presented at the meeting are listed below.

Estimating Impacts to Birds and Bats

A flexible modeling approach to ‘road and pad’ correction factors for bats in post-construction monitoring projects. (#1)

Paul A. Rabie – Biometrician, Western EcoSystems Technology, Inc., Bio


An assessment of direct and indirect impacts to waterfowl in an Important Bird Area from wind turbine operation (#2)

Nicole Kopysh – Project Manager, Stantec, Bio

Assessing direct mortality to avifauna from wind energy facilities in the Dakotas (#3)

Brianna J. Graff – Graduate Research Assistant, South Dakota State University, Bio


Avian and Bat Mortality at Two Wind Energy Facilities on the Gulf Coast of Texas (#4)

Elizabeth M. Baumgartner – Biologist, Western EcoSystems Technology, Inc., Bio

Resource Equivalency Analysis: A tool to ensure avian impacts are mitigated? (#5)

Brad Norton – Principal, ICF International, Bio

Lucas Bare – Manager/Environmental Planner, ICF International (Presenting), Bio


Assessing Risk to Birds and Bats

Airspace use by night migrating landbirds in relation to the southwestern shore of Lake Erie, OH (#6)

Michael J. Wellik – Biologist, US Geological Survey, Bio

Habitat Conservation Plans in Hawaii: History and Implications (#7)

Alicia Oller – Director of Hawaii Energy & Environmental Services, Tetra Tech, Inc., Bio

Prioritization of avian species potentially impacted by wind energy development (#8)

Julie Beston – Research Ecologist, USGS, Bio

Radar monitoring of the federally-listed Marbled Murrelet in northern California: Implications for wind energy development in coastal areas of the Pacific Northwest (#9)

Peter M. Sanzenbacher – Senior Scientist, ABR, Inc. – Environmental Research and Services, Bio


The Effects of Chronic Moderate Noise on Animal Behavior and Distribution (#10)

Jim Cummings – Executive Director, Acoustic Ecology Institute, Bio


The Value of Cultivation as Wildlife Habitat - Congregations of Swainson’s Hawks (Buteo swainsoni) in Southern Alberta (#11)

Kent W. Russell – Senior Wildlife Biologist, Stantec, Bio

Utilizing Multi-Spectral Signatures to Identify Potentially Suitable Habitat for Sensitive Species across Regional Landscape (#12)

Jon Schubbe – Biologist, HDR Engineering, Bio


WREN – A New International Collaborative Under International Energy Agency Wind (#13)

Karin Sinclair – Senior Project Leader, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Bio


WREN Hub – International Collaboration to Reconcile Wind and Wildlife Conflicts (#14)

Andrea Copping – Senior Program Manager for Marine and Coastal Waters, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Bio

Detection & Deterrent Technologies

Applying Radar to Wind Energy Projects: Distinguishing Fact from Fiction (#15)

Karen Voltura – Director, Wind Energy Systems, DeTect, Inc. , Bio

Developing the next generation ultrasonic acoustic deterrent (#16)

Michael Schirmacher – Wind Energy Field Projects Biologist, Bat Conservation International, Bio

Wildlife Deterrent Using High Brightness Light Sources (#18)

Donald Ronning – President, Lite Enterprises, Bio


A Tool to Visualize Sample Space and Estimate Volume of Altitude Bands Sampled by Avian Radar (#19)

Tim Bowden – Fish and Wildlife Biologist, USFWS, Bio


Bats & Wind Energy

Understanding Meteorological Data and Variation in Bat Activity; Evaluating Thresholds for Bat Protection and Implications for Wind Energy Facilities (#20)

Tim Bowden – Fish and Wildlife Biologist, USFWS, Bio


Bats and Wind Energy in Mongolia (#21)

Katy Reagan – Principal, Sunbird Biological Consultants, Bio


Bats of wind farm La Rumorosa, Baja California, Mexico: Management advices for their conservation (#22)

Minerva A. Uribe-Rivera – Student, Maestría en Manejo de Ecosistemas de Zonas Áridas. Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Bio


Impacts of a single-turbine wind facility on bat activity and fatality in northeastern Iowa (#23)

Jerry Roppe – Wildlife Compliance Manager, Iberdrola Renewables, Bio


Stable isotope and genetic tools for investigating the impacts of wind-turbine mortality on Lasiurine tree bats (#24)

David M. Nelson – Assistant Professor, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Bio


Impacts to Mexican Free-tailed Bats from Wind Energy Development in the Western US (#25)

Joel Thompson – Research Biologist / Project Manager, WEST, Inc, Bio

Evidence that bats utilize wind turbines as a foraging resource (#26)

Victoria Bennett – Assistant Professor in Wildlife Ecology, TCU, Bio


Bat activity in the Great Lakes region and potential implications for wind energy development (#27)

Kevin Heist – Post-Doc, University of Minnesota, Bio

Applicability of Indiana bat Habitat Conservation Plan Avoidance, Minimization, and Mitigation Measures for the Northern Long-eared Bat (#28)

Courtney Dohoney – Senior Environmental Scientist, Ecology and Environment, Inc. , Bio


Endangered Species Challenges Ahead: Solutions for Clearing the Incidental Take Permit Hurdle (#29)

Quintana Baker – Wildlife Biologist, WEST, Inc. , Bio

Fitting a Square Peg in a Round Hole - Applying Evidence of Absence Software to Habitat Conservation Plan Monitoring for Federally Listed Bat Species (#30)

Cara W. Meinke – Wildlife Biologist | Project Manager, WEST Inc.

Proposed federal listing of the northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis) and implications for the wind energy industry (#31)

Susan Hurley – Wildlife Biologist-Project Manager, Tetra Tech, Inc.


Understanding the Proposed (or Recent) Listing of Northern long-eared bats (#32)

Jeff Gruver – Research Biologist, WEST, Inc. , Bio

The effectiveness of raising cut-in speeds for reducing bat mortality at the Fowler Ridge Wind Farm, Benton County, Indiana (#33)

Rhett Good – Senior Manager, WEST, Bio


Operational Mitigation Reduces Bat Fatalities at the Sheffield Wind Facility, Vermont (#34)

Colleen Martin – Research Assistant, Department of Natural Resources Management, Texas Tech University, Bio

Experimental test of a model based curtailment algorithm (#35)

Fränzi Korner-Nievergelt – oikostat GmbH, Bio

Offshore Wind Energy: Siting & Assessment

Bats Offshore: Where, Why, and When? (#37)

Steve Pelletier – Stantec, Bio


Tracking Bats Offshore in the Gulf of Maine using Nanotags (#38)

Sarah Boucher – Biologist, Stantec Consulting Services Inc.


Benthic and fish monitoring at a UK Offshore Wind Farm (#39)

Chris J. Pendlebury – Director of Ecology and Hydrology, Natural Power, Bio


Bird and marine mammal monitoring at a UK Offshore Wind Farm (#40)

Chris J. Pendlebury – Director of Ecology and Hydrology, Natural Power, Bio


Long term studies on biogenic reefs and implications for offshore developments (#41)

Chris J. Pendlebury – Director of Ecology and Hydrology, Natural Power, Bio


Use of PVA to assess the potential for long term impacts from piling noise on marine mammal populations (#42)

Nancy McLean – Senior Development Manager, Natural Power, Bio


Ecological Baseline Studies on the Mid-Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf (#43)

Kate Williams – Wildlife and Renewable Energy Program Director, Biodiversity Research Institute, Bio

The impacts of offshore wind development on birds: pre-construction survey methods and lessons learned from offshore wind pilot projects in the Northeastern U.S. (#44)

Aaron Svedlow – Wildlife Biologist-Project Manager, Tetra Tech, Inc.


Prairie Grouse & Wind Energy

No Fowl, No Harm: Determining Project Impacts and the Appropriate Conservation Response for Lesser Prairie-Chickens (#45)

Karen Tyrell – Senior Ecologist, WEST, Inc., Bio

The Lesser Prairie-Chicken Range-Wide Plan, a Faster but More Expensive Option than an Incidental Take Permit? (#46)

Karl Kosciuch – Research Biologist, WEST, Inc., Bio

Lesser Prairie-Chicken Listing and Rangewide Conservation Plan: Moving Projects Forward (#47)

Carron A. Meaney – Senior Ecologist, Walsh/Ecology & Environment, Bio

Relationships between Ranch Management, Wind Energy Development, and Greater Prairie-Chicken Populations at the Elk River Wind Farm, Butler County, Kansas (#48)

Greg D. Johnson – Senior Ecologist, WEST, Inc.

Raptors (including Eagles) & Wind Energy

Alta East Eagle Take Permit Environmental Assessment, Start to ….Finish (#49)

Deron Lawrence – Senior Ecologist, CH2M HILL, Bio


Cumulative Effects Analysis Considerations for Eagle Take Permits and NEPA (#50)

Michael Morgante – Project Director, Ecology and Environment, Inc., Bio


Modeling with uncertain science: estimating mitigation credits from abating lead poisoning in golden eagles (#51)

Taber D. Allison – Director of Research and Evaluation, American Wind Wildlife Institute, Bio


Patterns of Raptor Activity and Collision Mortality at Wind Projects in New England (#52)

Jessica Costa – Project Manager, Stantec Consulting Services Inc., Bio


Eagle Fatality Monitoring at Wind Facilities using Operations Staff: Potentially a Viable and Cost-Effective Detection Method (#53)

Eric Hallingstad – Research Biologist, WEST, Inc., Bio


Golden eagle home range, life history, and geographic range information obtained using GPS-GSM cellular telemetry: the potential to develop more effective eagle conservation planning and mitigation strategies. (#54)

Thomas J. Koronkiewicz – Avian Ecologist/Environmental Specialist, SWCA Environmental Specialist


Overlap between Wind Energy Resources and Summer Ranges of Non-breeding Golden Eagles Migrating North from the Southwestern United States (#55)

Robert K. Murphy – Wildlife Biologist – Nongame Migratory Birds, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Southwest Region, Bio


Predicting High Likelihood Golden Eagle Nest Habitat and Developing a Long Term Monitoring Protocol in Disturbance Areas (#56)

Martin D. Piorkowski – Senior Wildlife Biologist, Arizona Game and Fish Department, Bio

The effect of Wind Energy on the Golden Eagle in Spain and a review from Europe (#57)

Alvaro Camina – CEO & Research Director, ACRENASL

Wind Wildlife Research Meeting Registration Rates
December 3 – 5


Early Bird
(ended Oct 17)


General $550.00 $625.00
Non-profit/Government1 $300.00 $350.00
AWWI 2014 Sustaining Partners2
$500.00 $575.00
AWWI 2014 Sustaining Partners2
$250.00 $300.00
Speakers3 $250.00 $250.00

1 Full-time students may register using the non-profit/government rate.
2 The discounted rate for AWWI Partners may be used for up to 3 employees.
3 The discounted rate for speakers is only available to those who have been accepted to present an oral presentation. Unfortunately we are not able to offer discounted registration to poster presenters.

Optional Pre-Meeting, Issue-Specific Workshops
December 2

Lesser-Prairie Chicken and Wind Energy: Pathways to Conservation and Compliance
Management for Listed and Candidate Bats Species
The workshops will take place concurrently, so you can only attend one. For details on the workshops, please view the agenda tab. Attendance requires an additional registration fee.

General: $100

Non-Profit & Government: $75

If you would like to attend the meeting but do not have funding to cover the registration costs, please contact Lauren Flinn.

Cancellations up to November 14 will be issued a refund minus a $50 administrative fee. Cancellations received after November 14 will not be eligible for a refund but substitutions will be allowed. Please email your request for a refund to Lauren Flinn.

Thank You to the Meeting Sponsors

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