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Research Meeting IX


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The biennial Wind Wildlife Research Meeting provides an internationally recognized forum for researchers and wind-wildlife stakeholders to hear contributed papers, view research posters, and listen to panels that synthesize the most recent wind power-related wildlife research.

Academics, researchers, conservation scientists, consultants, federal and state officials, NGO representatives, and wind industry professionals came together for this unique opportunity. This meeting was organized by the NWCC Wildlife Workgroup and presented by the American Wind Wildlife Institute (AWWI). Dr. Taber Allison, AWWI’s Director of Research and Evaluation, chaired the meeting. The agenda was planned by AWWI with support from a Planning Committee.

To read the American Wind Wildlife Institute’s press release about the 2012 meeting, please click here.

The 2012 meeting took place at:
Omni Interlocken Hotel
500 Interlocken Blvd
Denver (Broomfield), Colorado 80021

To review the registration rates for the 2012 meeting, click here.

Proceedings: 

Click the image to the right to download the meeting Proceedings.

Disclaimer: Some of the presentations described in the Proceedings of the Wind Wildlife Research Meeting IX may have been peer reviewed independent of this meeting, but results should be considered preliminary. This document may be cited, although communication with the author before doing so is highly recommended to ensure that the information cited is current.

These proceedings do not necessarily reflect the views of the American Wind Wildlife Institute. AWWI expressly disclaims any warranties or guarantees, expressed or implied, and shall not be liable for damages of any kind in connection with the material, information, techniques, or procedures set forth in this publication.


Program:

To review the agenda and program for the meeting (including the addendum), click here.  The 2012 meeting also included a one-day training on the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines.


Call for Abstracts:

The call for abstracts solicited proposals for oral presentations or posters on site-specific research or research that combines results from existing studies to address broader questions related to the interactions of wind energy and wildlife.


Abstracts: 

Click here to download a PDF of the abstracts of the presentations and posters, sorted by session.


Bios: 

Click here to download a PDF of available bios for speakers and poster presenters.

Presentations:

PDFs of the presentations given at the meeting are available below.  Some presentations contain proprietary or preliminary information and are not available for distribution at this time. Presenters are listed in bold text.

Assessing Risk to Birds and Bats

Using spatial models to predict relative collision risks of Horned Larks and Hoary Bats at wind farms in the central United States

Greg M. Forcey, Christian Newman, Crissy Sutter (Normandeau Associates)

“Competing resource selection modeling predicts risk for preventing and mitigating impacts to flying birds from industrial wind energy developments”

Tricia Miller (Division of Forestry and Natural Resources, West Virginia University & Riparia, The Pennsylvania State University); Robert P. Brooks (Riparia, The Pennsylvania State University); Michael Lanzone (Cellular Tracking Technologies); Charles Maisonneuve, Junior Tremblay  (Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, Canada); Jeff Cooper (Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries); Kieran O’Malley (West Virginia Division of Natural Resources); Adam Duerr, Todd E. Katzner (Division of Forestry and Natural Resources, West Virginia University)

Using Avian Radar to Quantify Bird and Bat Migration along the Shoreline of Lake Michigan and Implications for Analysis and Pre-construction Surveys

Jeffrey Gosse, Erik Olson, Tim Bowden, Daniel Nolfi, Nathan Rathbun, Rebecca Horton, David Larson (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)

Birds and Wind Energy: Assessing Habitat-based Impacts

Effects of Wind Power Development on Greater Prairie-Chickens in Kansas

Brett K. Sandercock, Lyla M. Hunt, Virginia Winder (Division of Biology, Kansas State University); Andrew J. Gregory (School of Forestry, Northern Arizona University); Lance B. McNew (USGS Alaska Science Center); Samantha M. Wisely (Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida)

“Avoidance of wind turbines by grassland birds”

Douglas H Johnson, Jill A. Shaffer (USGS)

“Understanding Greater Sage-grouse Response to Wind Energy Development at a Landscape Scale”

NWCC Sage-Grouse Research Collaborative

Short-Term Impacts to Greater Sage-Grouse Fitness from Wind Energy Development” (accompanied by poster) – Chad W. LeBeau(Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, University of Wyoming & WEST, Inc.); Jeffrey L. Beck (Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, University of Wyoming); Gregory D. Johnson (WEST, Inc.); Matt J. Holloran (Wyoming Wildlife Consultants, LLC)

“Ecology of Male Greater Sage-Grouse Before Wind Energy Development in South-Central Wyoming” – Joshua J. Millspaugh (Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences, University of Missouri); Mark A. Rumble (U.S. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Forest and Grassland Research Laboratory); Aleshia Fremgen, Christopher Hansen (Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences, University of Missouri); R. Scott Gamo (Wyoming Game and Fish Department); Jon Kehmeier, Nate Wojcik (SWCA Environmental Consultants)

Raptors and Wind Energy

“A Review and Standardizing of Raptor Fatality Estimates at Wind Energy Facilities in the Columbia Plateau Ecoregion”

Wallace Erickson, Kim Bay, Michelle Sonnenberg, Elizabeth Baumgartner (WEST Inc.)

Factors affecting bird mortality in wind farms, and mitigation measures: the state of the art in Spain.

Miguel Ferrer, Manuela De Lucas (Department of Ethology and Biodiversity Conservation, Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)); Marc J. Bechard (Raptor Research Center, Department of Biological Science, Boise State University); Antonio-Román Muñoz (Fundación Migres); Guyonne F. E. Janss (Asistencias Técnicas Clave S.L.); Eva Casado (Fundación Migres); Cecilia P. Calabuig (Department of Ethology and Biodiversity Conservation, Estación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC))

Condor Detection and Alert System

Crissy Sutter, Chuck Grandgent (Normandeau Associates); Kevin Martin (Terra-Gen Power LLC)

Eagles and Wind Energy

“Meteorological and topographic drivers of migratory flight of golden eagles: implications for wind energy development”

Todd Katzner (Division of Forestry and Natural Resources, West Virginia University & USA and USDA Forest Service, Timber and Watershed Laboratory); Adam E. Duerr (Division of Forestry and Natural Resources, West Virginia University); Dave Brandes (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Acopian Engineering Center, Lafayette College); Tricia A. Miller (Division of Forestry and Natural Resources, West Virginia University & Riparia, The Pennsylvania State University); Michael Lanzone (Cellular Tracking Technologies LLC); Charles Maisonneuve, Junior Tremblay (Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune); Robert Mulvihill (Audubon Society of Western Pennsylvania); George T. Merovich, Jr. (Division of Forestry and Natural Resources, West Virginia University); Kieran O’Malley (West Virginia Division of Natural Resources); Jeff Cooper (Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries)

Presentation unable to be posted but relevant publications are listed below. Please contact Todd Katzner for further information.

Katzner, T., D. Brandes, T. Miller, M. Lanzone, C. Maisonneuve, J. Tremblay, R. Mulvihill & G. Merovich. 2012. Topography drives migratory flight altitude of golden eagles: implications for on-shore wind energy development. Journal of Applied Ecology.49: 1178-1186. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2012.02185.x

Lanzone, M., T. Miller, P. Turk, D. Brandes, C. Halverson, C. Maisonneuve, J. Tremblay, J. Cooper, K. O’Malley, R. Brooks, & T. Katzner. 2012.  Stereotyped slight response of migratory raptors to a variable meteorological environment. Biology Letters, 8:710-713.

Duerr, A., T. Miller, M. Lanzone, D. Brandes, J. Cooper, K. O’Malley, C. Maisonneuve, J. Tremblay, T. Katzner. 2012.  Testing an emerging paradigm in migration ecology shows surprising differences in efficiency between flight modes. PLoS ONE 7(4): e35548. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035548 

The Bayesian eagle risk model:  input implications, study design, and fatality estimates

Chris Farmer, Laura Nagy (Tetra Tech EC)

“Understanding the USFWS Golden Eagle Collision Risk Model”

Kenton Taylor, Wallace Erickson, Andy Merrill, Kim Bay, Elizabeth Baumgartner (WEST, Inc.)

“Power Pole Retrofitting as a Compensatory Mitigation Option for Eagle Take: Opportunities, Constraints, and Logistical Considerations”

Sherry Liguori (PacifiCorp & Avian Power Line Interaction Committee); Mike Best (Pacific Gas & Electric Co.)

“Potential compensatory mitigation options for golden eagles”

Laura Nagy, Chris Farmer, Julie Garvin (Tetra Tech)

Navigating the USFWS Eagle Guidance with respect to Bald Eagles

Mike Morgante (Ecology and Environment, Inc.)

Estimating Fatalities of Birds and Bats

“An Empirical Approach to Fatality Estimation at Wind Energy Facilities”

Shay Howlin, Wallace Erickson, Michelle Sonnenberg (WEST, Inc.)

“Statistical Examination of the Efficacy of Road and Pad Searches for Post-construction Monitoring” & “Evaluating the validity of a protocol for long-term, post-construction fatality monitoring to assess wildlife impacts that integrates with operation’s activities and personnel”

Michelle Sonnenberg, Andy Merrill, Jon Cicarelli, Wally Erickson (WEST, Inc.)
Jerry Roppe, Tina Bartunek (Iberdrola Renewables); Michelle Sonnenberg, Wally Erickson (WEST, Inc.)

“Improving Methods for Estimating Fatality of Birds and Bats at Wind Energy Facilities: Modeling time dependence due to searcher proficiency and carcass persistence and implications for monitoring design”

William Warren-Hicks (EcoStat/Cardno Entrix); Brian Karas, Loan Tran (EcoStat, Inc.); James Newman (Normandeau Associates); Robert Wolpert (Duke University)

Planning for Cumulative Impacts

Part 1: Collaborative Landscape, Conservation Approach, and Benefits of the of the Great Plains Wind Energy HCP (GPWE HCP)” & “Part 2: Collaborative Landscape Conservation Approach: Modeling potential impacts to migratory whooping cranes from wind power development”(accompanied by posters)

Karen Tyrell, Kely Mertz (BHE Environmental); Abby Arnold, Elana Kimbrell (Kearns & West)
Christopher S. Nations, Shay Howlin, David P. Young (WEST, Inc.)

Lessons Learned from the Frontline: Challenges and Solutions to Habitat Conservation Planning for Indiana bats

Cara Wolff Meinke, Dave Young (WEST, Inc.)

Bats and Wind Energy: Assessing Risks and Impacts

A Computational and Analytical Study of Bats Flying Near Wind Turbines: Implications Regarding Barotrauma

Daniel R. Houck,  M. J. Lawson, Robert W. Thresher  (National Renewable Energy Lab, National Wind Technology Center)

Regional analysis of wind turbine-caused bat fatality

David Drake, Jian-Nan Liu (Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison); Christopher S. Jennelle (Iowa Department of Natural Resources); Steven M. Grodsky (Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, North Carolina State University); Susan Schumacher (We Energies); Mike Sponsler (BHE Environmental, Inc.)

Modeling the Environmental Conditions that Predict Bat Activity at Wind Energy Facilities Can Improve Mitigation Efficiency

Theodore J. Weller, James A. Baldwin (USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station)

The influence of specific atmospheric variables on fall bat activity varies among geographic regions and species

Lauren Hooton, Allison Costello, Crissy Sutter, and Greg Forcey (Normandeau Associates)

Wind Development in a post-white nose syndrome world

Bradley J. Steffen (BHE Environmental, Inc.)

Lessons Learned: Syntheses Across Projects

“Relating Pre-Construction Bat Activity and Post-Construction Fatality To Predict Risk at Wind Energy Facilities”
NOTE: Updated information presented on NWCC Research Webinar; information available here under Previous Webinars, Bats and Wind Energy.

Cris Hein (Bat Conservation International); Wally Erickson, Jeff Gruver, Kimberly Bay (WEST, Inc.); Ed Arnett (Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership)

“Assessing the Impact of Wind-Energy Facilities on North American Songbirds”

Wallace Erickson (WEST Inc.), Joelle Gehring (Michigan State University), Douglas Johnson (USGS), Michelle Sonnenberg (WEST Inc.), Kimberly Bay (WEST Inc.) and Elizabeth Baumgartrner (WEST Inc.)

“Operational Mitigation of Wind Turbine Generators To Avoid Bat Fatalities: A Synthesis of Existing Studies”
NOTE: Updated information presented on NWCC Research Webinar; information available here under Previous Webinars, Bats and Wind Energy.

Wally Erickson, Jeff Gruver, David Young (WEST, Inc.); Ed Arnett (Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership); Cris Hein (Bat Conservation International)

Estimating direct fatality impacts at wind farms:  How far we’ve come, where we have yet to go

Manuela Huso (USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center)

Posters:

PDFs of the posters presented at the meeting are included below. Some posters contain proprietary or preliminary information and are not available for distribution at this time.

Assessing Risk to Birds and Bats

Comparison of banding, acoustic, and NEXRAD radar data for studying passerine migration in upstate New York: A complementary approach (#1)

E.M. Adams, K.A. Williams, C. Anderson, J. Fiely, R. Lambert, D. Yates (Biodiversity Research Institute); P.B. Chilson, C.M. Kuster, (School of Meteorology and Atmospheric Radar Research Center, University of Oklahoma)

The Role of Population Modeling in Risk Assessment at Wind Energy Facilities (#4)

Robert A. Pastorok, Damian V. Preziosi, Matthew E. Behum (Integral Consulting)

Reproductive success of birds in relation to wind turbine proximity in Iowa (#24)

Molly K. Gillespie, Stephen J. Dinsmore (Iowa State University Department of Natural Resource Ecology and Management)

Bird responses to wind turbine proximity in Iowa (#25)

Molly K. Gillespie, Stephen J. Dinsmore (Iowa State University Department of Natural Resource Ecology and Management)

Understanding migration corridors along the Great Lakes (#26)

Jeffrey Gosse, David Larson, Daniel Nolfi, Nathan Rathbun, Rebecca Horton, Tim Bowden, Erik Olson (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)

Effects of wind energy development and ranch management on greater prairie-chickens in the Flint Hills of Kansas (#32)

Greg Johnson (WEST, Inc.); Jerry Roppe (Iberdrola Renewables)

Bird and bat movement patterns and mortality at the Montezuma Hills Wind Resource Area, California (#33)

Dave Johnston, Judd Howell, Scott Terrill, Jim Castle, Nellie Thorngate, Jeff Smith (H. T. Harvey & Associates); Todd Mabee ( ABR Inc.)

A comparison of pre- and post-construction avian use at a northern Arizona wind energy facility (#37)

Thomas J. Koronkiewicz, L. Dickson, E. Koster (SWCA Environmental Consultants)

A critical review of the Effects of Tall Structures on Birds (#38)

Karl Kosciuch, Jason Jones (Tetra Tech); Kim Walters (HEMMERA)

Short-Term Impacts to Greater Sage-Grouse from Wind Energy Development (accompanies a presentation) (#41)

Chad W. LeBeau (Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, University of Wyoming & WEST, Inc.); Jeffrey L. Beck (Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, University of Wyoming); Gregory D. Johnson (WEST, Inc.); Ryan M. Nielson (WEST, Inc.); Matt J. Holloran (Wyoming Wildlife Consultants, LLC)

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Guidance For Commercial Wind Energy Projects (#44)

Kevin Mixon (Minnesota Department of Natural Resources)

The Conservation of Airspace and Habitat in a Major Bird Migration Corridor (#53)

Anna Peterson (Conservation Biology Program, University of Minnesota); Gerald J Niemi (Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota); Douglas H Johnson (U.S. Geological Survey, Dept. of Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology, University of Minnesota)

Research Priorities for Wind Energy and Migratory Wildlife (#54)

Martin D. Piorkowski (Arizona Game and Fish Department); Ronald W. Rohrbaugh, Andrew J. Farnsworth, Kenneth V. Rosenberg, John W. Fitzpatrick (The Cornell Lab of Ornithology); Michael Fry (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)

A synthesis of bird and bat fatalities in Quebec wind facilities between 2008 and 2011 (#65)

Junior A. Tremblay (Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune)

Estimating Fatalities of Birds and Bats

“Catch you scavenger!”, camera trapping of carcass removal by scavengers at two Portuguese wind farms (#7)

João Paula, Pedro Pereira, Joana Bernardino, Hugo Costa, Miguel Mascarenhas  (Bio3)

Siting wind farms for wildlife: Predicting bird and bat fatality risk at prospective wind farm sites using acoustic detectors (#28)

Kevin Heist (University of Minnesota Conservation Biology Graduate Program); Douglas H. Johnson (Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center)

A Projectile Motion Modeling Approach for Estimating Carcass Distributions of Avian and Bat Fatalities at Wind Farms (#49)

Adam Miyamoto, Ling Ong, Chad Cross (SWCA Environmental Consultants); Dave Cowan, Robert Roy, Greg Spencer, Mitchell Craig (First Wind)

Post-Construction Monitoring at Arizona’s First Commercial Wind Farm (#63)

Joel Thompson, Kimberly Bay (WEST, Inc.)

Improving Methods for Estimating Fatality of Birds and Bats at Wind Energy Facilities: Evaluation of accuracy of existing equations, including assumptions and statistical bias (#68)

Robert Wolpert (Duke University); William Warren-Hicks (EcoStat/Cardno Entrix), Brian Karas (EcoStat, Inc.), Loan Tran (EcoStat, Inc.); James Newman (Normandeau Associates)

Raptors and Wind Energy (Including Eagles)

Long term survey of wind farms impacts on Common Kestrel’s populations and definition of an appropriate mitigation plan (#8)

Ana Cordeiro, Joana Bernardino, Hugo Costa, Miguel Mascarenhas (Bio3)

Implementation of compensation and offset measures for large birds of prey (#9)

Joana Santos, Ana Teresa Marques, Anabela Paula, Joana Bernardino, Miguel Mascarenhas, Hugo Costa (Bio3)

High-resolution Modeling of Updrafts to Investigate Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) Collision Risk with Wind Turbines (#16)

David Brandes (Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Lafayette College); Luis Barrios (Greensigns S.L.); Alejandro Rodríguez (Department of Conservation Biology, Estación Biológica de Doñana CSIC)

Ridgetop Modeling: Identifying Critical Raptor Migration Corridors for Conservation and Wind Development Planning (#22)

Markus Mika, Kylan Frye Christensen, Steven J Slater, Shawn Hawks (HawkWatch International)

Flight behavior of Griffon Vultures near wind turbines in Tarifa, Spain (#17)

Brian A. Cooper, Robert H. Day (ABR, Inc.); Richard C. Curry (Curry & Kerlinger LLC)

Impacts of wind turbines on Buteo hawk fledgling mortality in the Columbia Plateau Ecoregion (#36)

Patrick Kolar, Marc Bechard (Department of Biology Boise State University)

Bald Eagle Flight Path Data Comparison (#39)

Scott Schubbe Krych, Bruce Jon Moreira (HDR Engineering)

Raptor behavior at a wind power project in Oaxaca, Mexico: implications for U.S. species (#42)

Todd J. Mabee (ABR Inc.); Rafael Villegas (Instituto de Ecologia)

Bald Eagle Breeding Habitat Model (#57)

Jon Schubbe, Sean Tuohey, Scott Krych, Bruce Moreira (HDR Engineering)

Bald eagle behavior before and after construction of the Pillar Mountain Wind Project at Kodiak, Alaska, and its effect on modeled collision risk(#58)

Lynn Sharp, Christina Herrmann, Robert Friedel, Chris Farmer (Tetra Tech); Richard MacIntosh

A Roadmap for Mitigating Raptor Risk at Windfarms: Application of Advanced Avian Radar Technology (#67)

Karen Voltura, Adam Kelly, Tim West, Jesse Lewis, Jenny Davenport (DeTect, Inc.); Andreas Smith, Javier Vidao (DeTect EU)

Bats and Wind Energy: Assessing Risks and Impacts

Can resource and activity hotspot mapping predict bat fatalities at wind turbines? (#5)

Victoria J. Bennett, Amanda M. Hale (TCU)

Can bat fatality be predicted from bat acoustic activity within the rotor-swept zone? (#6)

Victoria J. Bennett, Amanda M. Hale (Dept of Biology, TCU); Crissy Sutter, Alison Costello (Normandeau Associates); Kevin W. Heist (Conservation Biology Graduate Program, University of Minnesota)

First approach to pre-construction bat monitoring at 5 South African Wind Farms: initial results and potential issues at a regional level (#10)

Presenter: Joana Bernardino; Authors: Karen Jodas, Robyn Kadis (NatureCounts); Bárbara Monteiro, Miguel Mascarenhas (Bio3)

Variation in bat activity in Portuguese uplands: effects of wind speed, temperature and moonlight in different biotopes (#11)

Bárbara Monteiro, Rita Ferreira, Joana Santos, Teresa Marques, Joana Bernardino, Miguel Mascarenhas, Hugo Costa (Bio3)

Meteorological Data and Bat Activity: Developing Conservation Measures for Wind Energy (#14)

Tim Bowden, David Larson, Jeffrey Gosse, Daniel Nolfi, Rebecca Horton, Nathan Rathbun, Erik Olson (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)

Reduction of Myotis activity relative to total bat activity in long-term acoustic bat surveys pre- and post-exposure to white nose syndrome (#15)

Sarah Boyden, Trevor Peterson, Kristen Watrous (Stantec)

Use of pre-construction acoustic bat and meteorological data to design and forescast site-specific curtailment scenarios (#18)

Trevor Peterson, Jessica Costa, Kristian Omland (Stantec Consulting)

The Effects of Weatherproofing on Acoustic Bat Detection (#19)

Allison Costello, Lauren Hooton, Crissy Sutter (Normandeau Associates)

Comparing the Efficacy of Various Monitoring Technologies for the Detection of Bats on Wind Farms (#23)

Presenter: Robert Gierschick; Authors: Ian Agranat, Sherwood Snyder (Wildlife Acoustics)

Can genetics and stable isotopes be used to gain geographical insights into the seasonal movement patterns and population structure of eastern red bats (Lasiurus borealis)? (#27)

Amanda M. Hale, Jennifer M. Korstian, Victoria, J. Bennett, Dean A. Williams (Dept. of Biology, TCU)

Novel Approach to Bird and Bat Mortality Reduction Using High Intensity Ultraviolet Lights (#55)

Donald Ronning (Lite Enterprises, Inc); Steve Pelletier, Trevor Peterson (Stantec Consulting Services)

Relating Post-Construction Bat Activity and Fatality at a Pennsylvania Wind Power Project (#56)

Cris Hein, Michael Schirmacher (Bat Conservation International); Manuela Huso (US Geological Survey Forest and Rangeland Ecosystems Science Center, Forest Sciences Lab); Ed Arnett (Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership)

Activity Rates and Call Quality by Full-Spectrum Detectors (#59)

Donald I. Solick, Christopher S. Nations, Jeffery C. Gruver (WEST, Inc.)

Indiana bat home range size and habitat use in a Midwestern project area dominated by agriculture (#60)

Bradley J. Steffen, Andrew R. Carson (BHE Environmental, Inc.); Timothy C. Carter, (Department of Biology, Ball State University)

A Data Visualization Tool for Incorporating Migratory Bat Records into Wind Energy Development Siting Decisions (#69)

Theodore J. Weller (USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station)

Planning for Cumulative Impacts

Compliance Management System (#3)

Tina Bartunek, Nadine May (Iberdrola Renewables)

Wind & Biodiversity project: integrated solutions for managing biodiversity in wind farms (#12)

Miguel Mascarenhas, Hugo Costa, Joana Bernardino (Bio3); José Vieira, Carlos Bastos (IEETA – Instituto de Engenharia Electrónica Telemática de Aveiro); Maria João Pereira, Carlos Fonseca (Departamento de Biologia & CESAM, Universidade de Aveiro)

Wind Development and Wildlife Mitigation: A Primer (#31)

Anne Jakle (Ruckelshaus Institute of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Wyoming)

Facilitating Progress: Wildlife Monitoring and Mitigation Measures for Wind Energy in the United States (#34)

Nathan Jones, Liba Pejchar (Colorado State University)

APLIC Recommendations for Power Pole Configurations at Wind Energy Projects (#43)

Andrew Milner, Jerry Roppe (Iberdrola Renewables); Sherry Liguori (PacifiCorp); Mike Best (Pacific Gas and Electric), Jim Burruss (Cardo Entrix), and Jim Lindsay (Florida Power and Light)

Part 2: Collaborative Landscape Conservation Approach: Modeling potential impacts to migratory whooping cranes from wind power development (accompanies a presentation) (#47)

Christopher S. Nations, Shay Howlin, David P. Young (WEST, Inc.)

Part 1: Collaborative Landscape, Conservation Approach, and Benefits of the of the Great Plains Wind Energy HCP (GPWE HCP) (accompanies a presentation) (#46)

Karen Tyrell, Kely Mertz (BHE Environmental); Abby Arnold, Elana Kimbrell (Kearns & West)

Offshore Wind Energy: Siting and Assessment

Guidelines for offshore renewables in the Portuguese Pilot Zone based on a pre-construction assessment (#13)

Helena Coelho, Rita Ferreira, Sandra Rodrigues, Joana Bernardino, Miguel Mascarenhas, Hugo Costa (Bio3); Ruth De Silva, Chris Pendlebury, Richard Walls (Natural Power Consultants)

Monitoring and Mitigation Alternatives for Protection of North Atlantic Right Whales during Offshore Wind Farm Installation (#20)

Presenter: Corey Duberstein (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory); Authors: Andrea Copping, Tom Carlson, Shari Matzner, Michele Halvorsen, Jessica Stavole (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

Avian Risk Assessment for Offshore Wind Projects (#48)

Christopher S. Nations, Dale M. Strickland (WEST, Inc.)

Update on Current Progress of Offshore Bat Research Activities in Atlantic and Great Lakes Regions (#50)

Steve Pelletier, Trevor Peterson, Kristian Watrous, Sarah Boyden (Stantec)

Integrated Ecological Monitoring Plans (IEMP) for Offshore Wind Projects (#52)

Chris Pendlebury, Jane Lancaster, Sarah Canning, Kate Grellier, Richard Walls (Natural Power Consultants)

Selection of mixed effects models for bird and marine mammal analysis undertaken for Robin Rigg offshore wind farm, Solway, Scotland (#51)

Chris Pendlebury, Gillian Lye, Sarah Canning, Richard Walls (Natural Power Consultants); Sally Shenton (EON Climate & Renewables)

The Mid-Atlantic Baseline Studies Project: Study design and results to date, with a focus on high-definition aerial surveying and video analysis (#70)

Kathryn A Williams, Iain J Stenhouse, Evan M. Adams (Biodiversity Research Institute), Andrew Webb (HiDef Aerial Surveying, Ltd.), Emily Connelly (Biodiversity Research Institute)

Offshore Wind Development in the United States: A Review of Known and Hypothesized Impacts to Wildlife and Current Research Needs (#71)

Kathryn A Williams, Wing Goodale (Biodiversity Research Institute)

Emerging Issues

Integrating Sportsmen’s Values and Outdoor-Based Economic Analyses into Landscape-Scale Wind Energy Planning (#2)

Ed Arnett, Neil Thagard, Tom Franklin, Steve Belinda, (Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership)

Whooping and Sandhill Crane Use Monitoring at Five Operating Wind Facilities in North and South Dakota (#21)

Clayton Derby, Terri Thorn, Melissa Wolfe (WEST, Inc.)

The impacts of wind power on terrestrial mammals – a review (#29)

Jan Olof Helldin (Swedish Biodiversity Centre, SLU, Uppsala);  Jens Jung (Dept of Animal Environment and Health, Swedish SLU,Skara); Jonas Kindberg (Dept of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, SLU,Umeå); Niklas Lindberg (Enetjärn Natur, Umeå); Wiebke Neumann (Dept of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, SLU, Umeå); Mattias Olsson (EnviroPlanning, Gothenburg); Anna Skarin (Dept of Animal Nutrition and Management, SLU, Uppsala); Fredrik Widemo (Swedish Association for Hunting and Wildlife Management, Nyköping)

The Impact of Energy Sprawl on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: A Landscape Scale Assessment in Colorado and Wyoming (#35)

Nathan Forrest Jones, Liba Pejchar (Colorado State University)

Whooping and sandhill crane behavior at an operating wind farm (#45)

Laura Nagy, Karl Kosciuch, Jenny Taylor (Tetra Tech)

Ecological Impacts of Wind Farms on Mammalian Mesocarnivores (#61)

Brian P. Tanis, Elmer J. Finck (Fort Hays State University, Department of Biological Sciences)

Winter survival risk for pronghorn encountering wind energy development in south-central, Wyoming (#62)

Katie L. Taylor, Jeffrey L. Beck (Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, University of Wyoming)

Black bear use response to a wind energy facility in Vermont (#64)

David Tidhar, Cecily Costello, Trent McDonald (WEST, Inc.); Forrest Hammond (Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department, Vermont Agency of Natural Resources)